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Temple of Ammon Zeus in Kallithea

Temple of Ammon Zeus in Kallithea

At Halkidiki, one of the most significant temples is that of Ammon Zeus in Kallithea. According to archaeologists, in the second half of the eighth century B.C., immigrants from Euboea constructed the city of Afytis, where Dionysus and the Nymphs were worshipped in a cave behind a rock on the southwest side of the site.

The worship of the cave, to which the devout brought carved scales, persisted over the next ages, until the second century A.D. In the late 5th century, a settlement was constructed in the northern portion of the site. B.C. shrine of Egyptian deity Ammon Zeus, and in the fourth century B.C., was constructed adjacent to the altar Doric temple pavilion, the roof of which is adorned with textured and colourful terracotta roof tiles.

During the 1st-2nd centuries A.D., the temple was restored and hardware was created on the south side of the narrow two modular constructions (bleachers), while between them, up to the oldest altar, a little altar was made. In this open area, seated Christians need to be attending programmes. The Roman phase of the church lasted until the reign of Constantine the Great’s successors, thus it must be eliminated completely.

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